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Texas Turfgrass Types


Turfgrass Producers of Texas members produce varieties of grasses well-suited for every area of the State.  That said, though, no one variety is adapted for use everywhere in Texas.  The cold winters of the Panhandle will harm some grass varieties and the summer heat of San Antonio will harm others, so itʼs very important to select the species of grass that is suited for your area.

When selecting a variety of turfgrass itʼs also important to consider the site conditions.  For example, will the grass be in shade or in sun?  Will there be lots of foot traffic on the grass?  What is the soil depth and what is the quality of the soil?  What is the normal amount of rainfall at the site?  What is the intended use of the turfgrass; i.e., playground, lawn, home putting green, or athletic field?

Bermudagrass varieties are grown throughout Texas.  They generally tolerate drought and foot traffic, but they do not grow well in shade.  Bermudagrass sod is used for lawns, golf courses, and athletic fields.  Improved hybrid bermudagrasses have a finer leaf texture than common bermuda grasses, but they usually require more care.  Some of the bermudagrass varieties available as sod are Baby, Celebration, CT-2, Common, GN-1, Grimes EXP, Quickstand, Tifgreen, Tifway, TifSport, and Tifton 10.

St. Augustinegrass is the most shade-tolerant of the warm-season grasses.  It has a coarse leaf texture and is most commonly used as a lawn grass.  Although it can be grown in most of Texas, St. Augustine turfgrass may require supplemental irrigation in Central and West Texas.  It may also be killed during a period of severe cold in the northern third of the State.  Maintenance requirements are usually low.  St. Augustine grass sod varieties include Amerishade, Captiva, Delmar, Floratam, Palmetto, Raleigh, Sapphire, and Seville.

Buffalograss is best suited for areas with annual rainfall amounts of 25 inches or less.  Itʼs a good, low-maintenance lawn for projects in Central and West Texas.  The most popular varieties of Buffalograss sod are Density, Prairie, Prestige, and 609.

Zoysiagrass is generally well-suited use in the same areas of Texas as Bermudagrass.  It has moderate to good shade tolerance and can stand moderate foot traffic.  Itʼs drought-tolerant, but it may turn brown during a prolonged dry spell.  Zoysiagrass types grown as turfgrass sod include Carrizo, Crowne, El Toro, Empire, GN-Z, Jamur, Meyer, Palisades, Cavalier, Diamond, Royal, Y-2, Zeon, Zorro, and Emerald.

Centipedegrass is best adapted for projects in East Texas.  It is slow-growing, and does well in full sun to light shade.  It requires little fertilizer and only infrequent mowing, but it does not tolerate foot traffic or prolonged dry spells.

The Texas AgriLife Extension Service provides two excellent publications called Turfgrass Selection for Texas, and How to Select and Install Sod.  We recommend that you refer to these publications as you make your turfgrass purchase decisions.  However, you can also contact us for expert advice concerning the grass varieties best suited for your application in your area of Texas.


TurfGrass Producers of Texas ~ 321 Caney Trail Dr., Wharton, TX 77488 ~ Phone: 979-282-9305

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